University of Benin 47th Founders Day Lecture Held in a Grand Style
The 47th Founders Day Ceremony, 43rd Convocation held Thursday 23rd November ,2017 at the Akin Deko Auditorium with guest from all over the country present at the event ,the Chancellor Mohammad Sanusi II the Emir of Kano II, the Pro Chancellor Rt. Hon. Isa Ashiru , the Vice Chancellor of the great university Prof. F.F.O Orunmwense F and his entourage visiting Vice chancellor from other University Staff and students of the University.
The 47th founders’ day lecture was delivered by Dr. Solomon E. Arase the Former inspector –General of Police Federal Republic of Nigeria on the topic: Internal Security Dynamics and the imperative of a new policing thought in Nigeria. He is a most accomplish Police Officer, an Intellectual and a Legal Police Officer
Internal security has been widely defined within the context of the protection of the values (as enshrined in varied national laws), critical human and infrastructural assets, territorial integrity, and lives and property of citizens from threats. The principle underlying internal security is governed by Thomas Hobbes’ Social Contract Theory while the process is driven by the citizens and state’s law enforcement agencies with the Police holding the primacy. In the face of current internal security challenges and the resonating national discourse on police efficiency, this presentation explores the internal security question, evaluates existing strategies and proposes options towards strengthening the capacity of the State to meet its statutory obligation as enshrined in Sec.14(b) of the 1999 Constitution which provides that ‘the security and welfare of the people shall be the primary purpose of government’.
Intractable internal security challenges in the country are direct consequences of the alienation of the policed populace, failure to appreciate the dynamics of technology in crime and policing, and inability to evolve new policing strategies and systems towards security governance in the country. Consequently, a new policing architecture that is citizens-based, technology-driven, and systems-governed is proposed. he said Scholars have propounded several theories to appraise factors that explain human conducts which instigate actions that threaten internal security. Prominent amongst these theories are the Functionalism Theory; Social Conflict Theory, the Asset to Liability Shift Theory, and the Relative Deprivation theory. the contractual relationship between government and citizen must be aimed at the protection of life and property, establishment of a police force to enforce the contract, and establishment other rules to secure the benefits of social living.
He concluded that Internal Security of a nation is a catalyst to national development and assurance of citizens’ confidence and strengthening of state’s legitimacy. It is however, a product of synergy between the citizens, the government and security agencies, just as it is driven in modern times, by the engagement of cutting edge technology and strategic thinking. Consequently, any nation desirous of internal security must of necessity develop a National Policy Framework that is designed to strengthen the capacity and relationships within and between strategic actors in the internal security of the State. In conclusion, therefore, it is my conviction that until Nigeria appreciates these essentials of internal security management, we, as a nation may continue.
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