DAY 2: WORKSHOP ON PEDAGAGUE FOR YOUNG/INTERMEDIATE LECTURERS IN THE UNIVERSITY OF BENIN
Today’s workshop was for lecturers in school of Medicine, Dentistry, Basic Medical Sciences and Institute of Child Health.
Registration for the workshop took place between 8.00-10.00am. The opening prayer was taken after which the welcoming address was given by Professor I. Owie who is the Chairman of the Taskforce Committee.
The first session commenced with the 1stlecture of the day which was taken by the chairman of the Taskforce Committee, Professor I. Owie which was titled “The Good Teacher”. He started by stating the responsibilities of the teacher in the classroom, some points were highlighted which included: Encouraging ethical thinking, fostering self-directed learning, maintaining class progress, promoting group dynamics, creating a learning environment that supports all members of the class. He also talked on the attributes of a good teacher which included: good teachers knowing their subject very well; good teachers regard their lectures as important as their research, scholarship and related activities; a good teacher tries to create a dynamic natural thinking environment in the classroom; good teachers should have a high level of trust and great expectation for their students and a good teacher should have a relatively well established way, or a systematic way of assessing their own efforts.
Professor I. Owie also said that there are two methods of teaching namely: Intellectual assessment and Interpersonal concerns. He talked about personality reasons for liking a teacher making comparisons between a best teacher and the least liked teacher. He emphasized on the point that there is a huge difference between fear and respect. He further made comparisons of instructional behaviours between the good and bad teacher, and also characteristic classroom comments of a good and bad teacher. He went further by talking about the self-perception of the good teacher highlighting points which included: Basically adequate; wanted and likable; trustworthy, reliable and open-minded; people of consequence etc. He summarized the comparison between the good and bad teacher by stating that a good teacher must be very good in his subject saying that is why a lecturer must have graduated with a minimum of 2nd class (upper division) in his/her course.
He concluded with saying that “even if we are not good teachers now,we will become good teachers tomorrow”. Immediately after the lecture, there was a question & answer segment where questions were asked concerning the just concluded lecture and rational and illuminating answers were given to the questions asked by the speaker of the lecture which was Professor I. Owie.
A tea-break was observed for 15 minutes after which the second session was to begin.
The second session started with the topic on “Instruction Technology in Teaching” which was a two lecture fold. The first part was taken by Professor (Mrs.) L.O. Okukpon on the subtopic “Instructional Technology-Use of Teaching Aids in Lecturing/Teaching in the University” .She started by stating that she was going to focus on the use of instructional technology in teaching, which consisted of the use of teaching aid instructional technology in teaching. She defined this as a field concerned with improving the effectiveness of teaching using devices such as computers, CD-ROMs, interactive media and all other technological devices. She also talked about how instructional technology can affect learning by which participants can take classes globally and learning can be done anywhere and anytime. She further talked about teaching aids which included: Interactive white boards, websites and blogs, projectors, iPads and tablets, smartphones and internet tolls etc.
She concluded by stating that teaching and learning can be made easier and better through the use of technological aids and devices in teaching. A question and answer segment followed the lecture and the questions were answered satisfactorily.
The 3rd lecture which was the second part of the 2nd lecture was given by Dr. J.N. Omoyakhi on the subtopic “Instructional Technology Computer Application”. He introduced his lecture by saying that the effectiveness of computer application depends on the instructor. He talked about the goals of a presentation which includes: information, Persuasive and entertaining. He said concentration should be on visual aids. He gave the purpose of visual aids which includes: the backup to presentation, to communicate special concepts, to highlight specific points, to provide structure and order. He further went on to give tips on visual aids design which were KISS-Keep It Shirt and Simple and KILL-Keep It Large and Legible which make visual aid design readable, clear, well organized, attractive and not distractive.
He went further by teaching how to make power points design by stating that a good slide should be 1minute/slide or 1minute/2 slides, it should be written in point form, should be 4-5 points per slide. He talked about how to make a good slide presentation by following some guidelines which included: making sure that the fonts should be big enough for everyone in a class to see, the slides shouldn’t be too congested, the headings should be bold, and the font he advised to use was the ‘Arial Black’. He further said that inserting shapes, snapshots and hyperlinks could also be useful in aiding a good PowerPoint slide.
A question and answer segment followed this lecture where questions were asked by the participant and Dr. J.N. Omoyakhianswered them satisfactorily.
The 4th lecture commenced which was taken by Professor (Mrs.) C.N. Omoifo on “Marking Scheme and Allocation of Marks. The lecture was centred on the tools used for marking and how we used these tools for marking. She said students can be properly assess students when the lecturers have the correct marking tools.
She defined marking scheme as a plan/guidelines used in marking written work, she also defined it as a system for awarding points for correct answers. She further went on to talk on the types of marking schemes which included: marking keys; marking rubrics and marking guides. She went further to talk about criteria of a good marking scheme which was that a good marking scheme must fulfill two basic conditions: mark relevance and mark consistency. She gave steps for preparing marking scheme.
She concluded by stating that what has been learnt today should be put into practice. A question and answer segment followed this lecture where questions were asked by the participants and Professor (Mrs.) C.N. Omoifo answered them satisfactorily.
The 5th lecture which was titled “Computing GPA” which was taken by Professor A.U. Osunde. He started the lecture by stating that the method of evaluation in the University of Benin is based on both continuous assessments and end of semester examination. He taught how to calculate the GPA and the CGPA of students and also the class honours allocated for the calculated CGPA. He noted that the present 400level and above students were the students allowed to graduate with the pass honour and that as from the 300level students third class was the minimum honour for them.
He concluded that the Computer Research Processing Unit (CRPU) of ICT UNIBENhas a software for calculating the GPA and CGPA of students. The lecture was followed by a question and answer segment where questions were asked by the participants and Professor A.U. Osunde answered them satisfactorily. A lunch break was observed which last for 30 minutes.
The third session commenced with the 6th lecture which was titled “Guidelines on Examination Administration”, which was taken by Professor E.O.S. Iyamu. He started by saying that examination plays the noble role in the society, therefore the entire process mustbe carried out effectively so the student won’t be at disadvantaged/ advantaged. He talked about the three phases of examination administration which includes; pre-examination phase, examination phase and the post-examination phase. He further talked about discipline and order during examination.
In conclusion, he said that it should be noted that the integrity of the University has a lot to do with the quality of the examination system. A question and answer segment also followed this lecture where questions were asked by the participants andProfessor E.O.S. Iyamu answered them satisfactorily.
The 7th and final lecture of the workshop was taken by Professor (Mrs.) A.N.G. Alutu on “Ethics of The Teaching Profession”. She started by saying that lecturers must obey the professionalresponsibilities assigned by the employer which in this case is the University of Benin. She defined Professional as someone who has undergone several trainings. She said the main aim of her lecture is to train Academic Staff on relationship with staffs, students, and other non-academic staffs. She gave a few definitions of ethics one of which is “Discerning between that which is good/bad and right/wrong”. She talked about the objective of the University of Benin.
She also talked about professionalism quoting Professor Iyayi who said it means “Conducting one’s work and self on a pedestal of high standard”. She advised the lecturers to tell the students a saying that Abraham Lincoln told his son’s teacher which was “It is more honourable to fail than to cheat and pass”.
She concluded by saying that the teachers should know that their aim is to impart the students both in character and learning. A question and answer segment also followed this lecture where questions were asked by the participants andProfessor (Mrs.) A.N.G. Alutu answered them satisfactorily.
The workshop ended with closing prayers said by Professor (Mrs.) A.N.G. Alutu.